Research and Planning

Outline:

This is my Research and Planning Page, Below you will find research i have completed as class work and research i have completed as independent research. The first section is all research and the second section is all planning.

(Research into British Film making, Teacher Led Work) The Process of Producing A British Movie

Here is a link to the presentation me and my group created:

(Research of Openings Independent ) The opening Scene of the Dark Knight

Below is link to Opening scene.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0OYBEquZ_j0

Above is a link to the presentation i have made for the opening scene.

Working Title Investigation (Institutions research, Teacher Led Work)

Has the production company or distribution company been taken over by another company?

In 1999 working titles merged with PolyGram productions and was sold to Universal studios to become part of its film production team. With the takeover from Universal, redundancy would have become a major issue because working title productions inLondononly had a limited number of employees that they could keep on so they had to let people go. To resolve this issue Universal and Working title productions set up working title production centres inIrelandandLos Angeles.

How have audiences reacted to changes of ownership or films of the media company?

2) With the acquisition of Working title by Universal audiences have reacted positively to their films as the audience instantly knows that Universal is a global company and has lots of resources meaning that the audience would be reassured by knowing that Universal are distributing it as they are a well-respected and are reliable.

What ate the film genres typically associated to ‘Working Title Films’? What does this suggest about audiences and profit?

3) Working title film genre’s are mainly comedy orientated with some exceptions of drama such as Atonement. This suggests that the company’s target audience ranges from a young target audience with films such as Jonny English and Mr Bean, to an adult audience for films such as Four weddings and a funeral, Hot fuzz and Shaun of the dead.

Consider the budgets of the films produced by Working Title Films. How does the association with Universal aid the budget? What are the synergies of being part of a wider organisation?

4) Because the genre is mainly comedy orientated this means that the budget for the films are mainly low-budget but gain a lot of profit because of popularity and because of the significantly low-budget. Also, because of the association and being owned by Universal, the film can have a much wider commercial backing and still have a relatively low-budget. Also with Universal’s backing, the film will become widely recognised as it is a Universal film and that is a global media.

How is cross-media convergence used during production, distribution and with the audiences?

Cross-media convergence is used in the production of a film to reduce advertising costs and increase its overall profit. E.g with Shawn of the dead, the studio produces and distributes it, therefore gaining profit from the film and solidifying a fan base for shawn of the dead. As well as producing and distributing it, the studio may look to create a soundtrack to the film to create more profit. This would more than likely be succesful as the fan base will already know of the studio and how well they did with the film so they would want to go out and but more products based around the film.

Research on Shawn of the Dead ( Connected to genre and film that i am making, Teacher Led Work)

Shawn of the dead Homework

1). The idea for Shawn of the dead was first conceived by Edgar Wright and Simon Pegg. The two of them had previously worked on the show ‘Spaced’ in which Pegg starred in and Wright directed. The idea started with the two of them as they were chosen to write the script for the film therefore not being the producer’s (NiraPark) idea. Before Park became attached to the film she had previously worked on Spaced with the Pegg and Wright and had worked at the comic strip before becoming a producer.

2) The genre of the film which is a black comedy creates issues for different aspects of audiences. For example, some people may be severely put off in the way that the film incorporates laugh out loud moments with some shocking gruesome moments. This may put people off due to the emphasis on the gore. The constant use of swear words is another negative factor as some of the language within the film is highly offensive to people. Another issue is the stereotyping of British people labelling them as zombies as they are all slackers. These issues may offend a wide range of audiences into not going and seeing the film.

3) The idea for Shawn of the dead was created when Pegg and Wright were working on spaced. The film was inspired by the Spaced episode ‘Art’. In this episode Pegg’s character believes he is fighting off zombies after taking drugs and constantly playing a zombie video game. Spaced also became a massive influence on the film as the Wright directed Shawn of the Dead in the same manner and style he did for spaced. They used the idea from Spaced as they both had a mutual love for George A. Romero’s dead trilogies.

4) Edgar Wright and Simon Pegg wrote the film after working on spaced. The two of them solely wrote the script for the film after gaining the idea from an episode of spaced. Pegg is associated with the production company Working Title as they are a British based company who after making British comedy films such as Shawn of the Dead went on to collaborate further with Pegg to make films such as Hot Fuzz. Wright is also linked with Working Title as he is closely linked with British based comedy films along with Pegg.

5) The film has a significantly low budget compared to the blockbusters. The financial backers for the film were Universal studios and Working title productions. Because of Universal the film had a relatively easy time arranging financial backing as working title are a British based company, it would have been harder to convince Universal of the Budget as Pegg’s previous show’s such as Spaced were only shown nationally so a international company like Universal has its doubts over whether the film would perform, however seeing as it was a comedy the film did not need a huge budget and instead settled on a budget of 8 Million.

6) The casting for the film was decided by Pegg and Wright as they had written the script and had actors in mind for specific roles within the film. Pegg and Wright wanted to have British actors that they had previously worked with and that were recognised throughoutBritaine.g. British comedians, comic actors and sitcom stars. The actors that Pegg and Wright chose were predominately from Spaced, Black Books and The Office. As well as those actors, Pegg and Wright were able to get many cameos from popular British comedians such as Matt Lucas, David Walliams and Rob Byrdon for parts such as a specific voiceover etc, this was not to difficult as Pegg and Wright had worked with many British comedians on there time on Spaced.

7) The producer for the film Shawn of the Dead wasNiraPark. She became the producer of the film after Pegg and Wright approached her to produce the film due her producing comedy’s such as Spaced and Black Books which both Pegg and Wright had been involved with. Pegg and Wright also chose her as she had produced many different British comedies on television and knew many actors that Pegg and Wright could employ for the film.

8 The director for the film Shawn of the Dead was Edgar Wright. He became after writing the script for the film along with Simon Pegg. Wright had also directed the comedy show Spaced in which Pegg starred in. Pegg wanted Wright to direct the film the same way as he did for spaced in the sense of how he uses references to movies, TV shows and video games.

9) The composer’s for the film were Dan Mudford and Pete Woodhead. They were chosen as Wright did not want an all so serious soundtrack and decided on a more comedic approach. They were chosen because of there use of older songs such as queen and were tasked to incorporate them into the film, this can be found when Shawn and Ed are hitting the zombie while queen is playing. The choice of those two turned out a success due to the reviews of the soundtrack of Shawn of the dead as the average rating is 4 stars on Amazon.

One review states: From start to finish this is a gem, a great accompaniment to the best British comedy this century. For zombie buffs there are the samples from George Romero’s ‘Dead’ trilogy, as well as legendary tracks like Queen’s ‘Don’t Stop Me Now’, ‘Ghost Town’ by The Specials and ‘White Lines’ by Grandmaster Flash. Also watch out for newer tunes by Ash and a hidden track at the end set to ‘The Gonk’.

What make this album great though are the various dialogue samples from the film, which suitably captures the atmosphere of the film’s highs and lows.

Research into Comedy/Horror Brief

The following Research is focusesd on the horror and comedy Genre. The first section will be a collage of both genre thus creating a hybrid-Comedy/Horror.

The Second Section will focus mainly on the Comedy Genre.

The Third Section will focus on the Horror Genre.

(Research, Independent) Collage of Horror Comedy

This is a collage of the Comedy Horror genre which is the genre i am making my film on. As you can see on the collage i have selected a number of iconic images of the genre as they represent the genre and the elements in what makes it succesfull.

(Research) Audience Expectations:

Before researching the horror and comedy genres, i have researched what the audience think about these genre’s with my group. We created this questionnaire and each asked 10 people to get a fair result, below are the questions i asked and my findings:

Horror/Comedy Questionnaire

1) What kind of narrative do you expect to see from a comedy/horror film? (tick one)

Multiple

Non-chronological order (not in right time order)

Single

2) What sort of characters would you expect in a horror/comedy film? (tick one)

Smart

Idiotic

In control

Laid back

3) What gender would you expect the main character(s) to be in a horror/comedy film? (tick one)

Male

Female

4) What would you expect there to be more elements of in a horror/comedy film? (tick one)

Horror

Comedic

5) What kind of plot would you prefer to see in a horror/comedy film? (tick one)

Serious

Complex

Simple

Unimportant

6) What would you use a horror/comedy film as? (tick one)

Escapism

Acquiring knowledge

Satisfying emotional needs

Self esteem

Socialization

From this research on audiences, conclusions have been drawn which are stated and explained here:

Looking at the results of the 1st question, the most popular choice of narrative is the multiple narrative. I think this the most popular as seeing as the film is a hybrid genre, the audience would rather see a film with both a horror and a comedy narrative as it would strengthen the film’s plot while adding multiple elements for the audience to connect with. I will take this into account for my product as i will make sure my product has a strong narrative that the audience can connect with.

Judging from the results of the 2nd question, the overall majority of the people that answered that they thought that would expect a more idotic and laid back type of character. I think they chose this because a horror/comedy is much more light hearted and focus’s on the relationships between people which makes the audience feel able to connect to these characters while having a laugh. I will take this into account for my product as in my product there is a sort of idotic character and by having that character, the audience can connect to the film.

Judging from the results of the 3rd question, it was a 50/50 decision as many people beleive that having a strong male will create the action and blockbuster moments in the film where as some people think that having a strong woman in the film makes the audience more interested because it is less conventional. I will use the male character as my main character as it fits in more with our plot as it revolves around slacker’s and audience’s are more likely to recongise men as slacker’s rather than women.

Looking at the results of the 4th question, the majority of the people felt that they expected a more comedic approach in hybrid movies. I think that they chose this because many people go to see a horror/comedy as they want to horror elements but they want to see how comedic elements can be incorporated into those moments. I will use this in my product as it focus’s more on the comedic side rather than the horror side.

Judging from the results of the 5th question, many people that i asked wanted to see a serious but simple type of horror/comedy. I think this was the most popular because the audience like to have a film they can connect with emotionally and having a simple enough storyline allows the audience to dive straight in and enjoy the film right from the word go. I will use this in my product as my stroy will be simple but have complex situations between my characters.

Looking at the results of the 6th question, the most popular choice was that the audience watch a horror/comedy film to satisfy there emotional needs while also escaping from there world and into another. I think this was the most popular as the audience want a film in which they can forget all about there lives and normally horror films do the trick as they are so abnormal the audience can connect to them. My product will also try to add the escapism and the emotional needs into it to satisfy the audience.

Comedy Research Section

(Research, Independent) The Comedy Genre-Internationally and Nationally

Internationally:

The first real creation of the comedy genre began back in the 1890’s through the use of silent comedy’s. Because of the it being silent, these productions main comedy factor was the use of the slapstick comedy. Some of the earliest work started with the short film ‘ Watering the Gardener’ by the Lumiere brothers. By the time of the 1900’s one of the most famous comic acts had begun to create these silent films. He was Charlie Chaplin and he helped really endorse the genre as he was very popular. Along with Chaplin there was Buster Keaton and Harold Lloyd who like Chaplin were able to help develop and make the genre more well known. Toward the end of the 1920s, the introduction of sound into movies made possible dramatic new film styles and the use of verbal humour. During the 1930s, the silent film comedy was replaced by dialogue from film comedians. Some of these comedians were the like’s of Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy. As well as the introduction of sound, a popular trend  was comedy in the form of animated cartoons such as the likes of Betty Boop. By the end of the 1920’s, the screwball comedy had now become a very popular way of displaying comedy and creating popularity within the genre. Within the next 20 years the genre stayed with the screwball and slapstick comedy as it was a winning format that had become a very popular entertainment product. After this period, the second world war had occured and had made the genre focus on those issues moving away from the slapstick and screwball.Comedies began to portray military themes such as service, civil defense, boot-camp and shore-leave.

After this, the post-war period was an age of reflection on the war, and the introduction of a new media, the television. By the 1950s, the television industry had become a serious competition for the movie industry. Because of this and the new era comedy found itself in, television became filled with family-oriented comedies, the 1950s saw a trend toward more adult  situations. Toward the end of the 1950s, darker humour and more serious themes had begun to emerge, including satire and social commentary. The 1950s saw the decline of past comedy stars  and the release of comedy films also went into a decline during this decade.  In 1947 almost one in five films had been comic in nature, but by 1954 this was down significantly.

The next decade (60’s) saw an increasing number of broad, star-packed comedies such as the Pink Panther movies starring Peter Sellers. Such films such as the Great Race and Dr Strangelove became huge success’s as they mixed comedy with real issues that surronded that era e.g the Vietnam war and the Cold war.

By the 70’s black comedies such as MASH and Catch 22 began to reflect anti war views and also try to try to create a view on some touchy topics such as suicide. Al0ng with these comedies, there was a introduction of new comic actors such as Woody Allen and Mel Brooks. These two comic’s in particular Brooks, began to reinvent the slapstick comedie and make them more parody’s of the horror films which had become very popular around that time.

By the 1980’s the parody films had become more prominant and were further used in films such as Airplane! which was a classic in that era and is regarded as one of the best comedy’s of all time.  Also, this paved the way for the parody of cop films such as The Naked Gun. Because of comdies reimergence, Eddie Murphy became highly popular with the film Beverly Hills cop series which focused on a more action/comedy genre or a hybrid.  John candy also was very popular and credited with getting the family comedies back in the spotlight with the film Uncle Buck.

One of the major developments of the 1990s was the re-emergence of Romantic comedy genre with films such as When Harry met Sally and You’ve Got mail. These redifined the hybrid genre and was one of the most popular genre’s during the 90’s. Spoofs remained popular as well, especially with the Scary Movie series. Also there were “stoner” comedies, which usually involve two guys on an adventure with random things happening to them along the way, these movies usually have drug-related content such as the Coen Brother’s film The big Lebowski.

The 2000’s went with a different and new type of comedy and this was the ‘gross-out humor’ comedy or ‘toilet humor’. A prime example of this would be of the American Pie series which is hugely succesful as it is aimed at young adults and they are generally the audience that like the gross humor. Today, comedy is still a huge and succesful buisness along with the blockbusters.

Nationally (British Comedy)

British comedy started along with the start of comedy way back in the 1890’s but did not really take off in the UK until the 30’s. In the Uk, film adaptions of stage productions of comedy became very popular. In England in the late 1940s, Ealing Studios achieved popular success as well as critical acclaim with a series of films known collectively as the “Ealing comedies”, from 1947 to 1957.  From then on the British comedy industry became popular thanks to films such as the Carry on films.  In the 70’s British comedy films mainly focused on Tv spin offs such as Dad’s Army and On the Buses. But the best comedy of that era for Britain was the Monty Python trilogy which help create some of today’s comedy as it became a benchmark of a winning comedy format. In the 80’s and 90’s saw the imergence of more working class films such as Brassed Off and The Full Monty which were national and international succes’s. The 2000’s focus more on racial and cultural issues and films such as Bend It like Beckham and Anita and Me have comdey but als0 drama elements within the film thus showing that the British comedy is rapidly growing and can rival hollywood comedy’s.

(Research, Independent) Comedy Genre-Conventions

Different Types of Comedy:

Slapstick Comedy- films involve aggressive, and visual action, including harmless or painless crulety and violence.

A fish out of water comedy- the main character or character finds himself in an unusual environment, which drives most of the humour. Situations can be swapping gender roles, or an age changing role.

Parody or Spoof–  a comedy that imitates other film genres or classic films. Such films have sarcasm, stereotyping, mockery of scenes from other films.

Black Comdey– Deals with issues such as Death, Drugs, Sex, War and Murder. Has some comedic elements but alot of drama elements and can have horror style elements.

Romantic Comedy– typically involves  a relationship between a man and a woman. The stereotyped plot line follows the “boy-gets-girl”, “boy-loses-girl”, “boy gets girl back again” sequence.

Gross out Comedy– Involves disgusting or vile moments while being accompanied by laugh out loud moments.

Codes and Conventions:

In a comedy film, audiences respond to two different comedy elements:
The Gag – visual, , verbal jokes, carefully timed and delivered for impact,
The situation – ‘narrative comedy’ in which it is the developing relationships between characters and the social environment that causes us to laugh.

1. Film Language
The secret of comedy is timing and performance. It would be interesting to compare a visual gag with a classic suspense sequence. Both involve a careful playoff between what we know as the audience and the awareness displayed by the character.  pleasure comes from the anticipation of the humiliation of the hapless character or our fear for the hero.

2. Representation
Possibly the best  approach, analysis of character ‘types’.  Comedy, like drama, depends on conflicts, in particular between weak and strong characters. Much comedy rises from the success of the weak in beating the powerful. On the other hand, comedy is also a weapon against fear of the unknown.

The advantage of comedy to producers is that it appeals across all audience groups. However, there are distinct differences in audiences for certain types of comedy. In the UK these are often class differences and age differences. The distinctions were particularly strong in earlier periods.

Source- Wiki Answers

Typcial Characters:

Dynamic Duo- In many comedy’s there is usually a partnership which will contain the emotion and the comedy in to attract the audience. Films such as ‘The Other Guys’ use the partnership extremely well as they usually portray conflicting relationships and normally the partners are polar opposites to each other meaning that they do not work well together.

The hapless character- In some comedy there is the hapless character which creates comedic moments but can also create the sad moments of the comedy as audience’s will tend to favour the hapless character’s as they can emotionally connect to them. An example of such a character would be Johnny English who creates alot of comedy from his mishaps.

Language- The language used in comedy’s is also an iconic moment from the genre as it can sway an audience into liking or hating the film. The use of extreme language can also act as a comedic element as in Tropic Thunder the character of Sergeant Lincoln O’Siris (Portrayed by Robert Downey Jr) uses a lot of profound language which generates alot of laugh out loud during the film and makes the audience not care about the swearing as it is in a comedic way.

The Damsel- The damsel in comedy is quite somewhat different to action blockbuster films. The damsel’s are usually more brave and stronger than others as in films such as Me,Myself and Irene Renee Zellweger is a very strong damsel and in some cases is more brave than the man in the film. Another example of a stronger women would be Natalie Portman’s character in ‘Your Highness’ as even though she is captured, she breaks out herself and often outdoes James Franco and Danny Mcbride’s characters.

(Research, Independent)Comedy Genre-Iconic Actors

Internationally Known Comics:

Jim Carrey– Jim Carrey is often referred to as the most influential comedic actor of the past ten years. He has done films such as Liar Liar and Bruce Almighty while also branching into the drama/comedy in the Trueman Show. Some of his most iconic moments of his career is the use of him pulling faces as he has used the pulling faces gag throughout most of his comedic carerr most notabley in the Ace Ventura films and The Mask. Here is a link to some of his most iconic moments:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z9UYy4Wsa30

Ben Stiller– Throughout the past 20 years Ben Stiller has established himself as one of Hollywood’s funny men. He has been in hugely succesful films such as Zoolander and Tropic Thunder both of which he directed. He has also appeared in the more family/comedy side in the film Night at the museum. He is known for his mockery of films as in Zoolander he is mocking the Modelling industry and in Tropic Thunder he is mocking the old vietnam war films. Here is a link to some of his best moments:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eJaD6C673O0&feature=fvst

Robin Williams– Robin Williams is a very succesful stand up comedian but also a very succesful Hollywood actor. He is best known for films such as Good morning Vietnam and Mrs Doubtfire but is also known for playing more drama based movies such as Good Will Hunting(Won an Oscar for Best supporting Actor) and Bicentennial Man in which he plays a more emotional role rather than comedic. He has also appeared in Blockbuster movies such as Jumanji and often appears in family movies such as Aladdin and Happy Feet. He is known for his ‘Motor Mouth’ and this is best shown in Good Morning Vietnam as he puts his motor mouth into action. Here is a link to a scene from Good Morning Vietnam:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zcVbbkG4KN0

British Based Comics:

Steve Coogan– Even though he is now a Hollwood actor, Steve Coogan started off in britain and is widely known and recongised throughout britian. He is most famous for his role and his alter ego Alan Partridge. This character made audience’s laugh due to his narcissistic manner and his insecurity’s. Since finding fame he has been in films such as The Other Guys and Tropic Thunder, both of which are the type of films that i am researching. Coogan is known for in which the way he creats character’s that are politically incorrect and unstable and the way in which he gets the audience to like these stranger character’s. Below is a link to a moment from the I’m Alan Partridge show:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lFNtgTVkUGQ

Simon Pegg– Simon Pegg has now become a hugely succesful comical actor. He has starred in films such as the reboot of Star Trek and Mission Impossible III. These are more action orientated films that Pegg has starred in. These are not his most well known movies as the films Shawn Of The Dead and Hot Fuzz are recognised as the reason for Pegg being succesful. As well as acting, Pegg has also written the two films with Edgar Wright as well as the film Paul. He is known for his use of subtle jokes and jokes relating to the era and trends of that certain time.  Here is a link to some of the Best moments in Hot Fuzz and Shawn Of The Dead:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4mVT7Zkjtbk

Peter Sellers-Peter Sellers is a comic legend. He has appeared in films such as Doctor Strangelove and his most famous film’s, The Pink Panther. The Pink Panther films are so popular due to the way in which Sellers portrayed th character. The character was Chief Inspector Clouseau and he was a bumbling detective which meant that normal situations. The way in which Sellers was able to make the bumbling character so funny and loveable is widely regarded as the main reason the films are succesful. He is known for making his characters loveable even though they are normally the hapless characters. Here is a link to a moment from The Return of the Pink Panther:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mQAMvmi1Zwk

Pictures from Google Images

(Research, Independent) Iconic Comedy Directors:

Tom Shadyac: Over the past 15 years Tom Shadyac has established himself as one of the top comedic directors. He is responsible in some aspects in creating Jim Carrey’s comedic career with films such as Liar Liar, Bruce Almighty and the Ace Ventura films. His style is his use of the slapstick side of comedy in his films, for example he gets Carrey to pull alot of faces in his films to get a laugh for the audience. He is widely recongised as a very succesful comedy genre director. As well as slapstick comedy, Shadyac has also made documentry’s such as I am. Here is a link to an article on Tom Shadyac:

http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/03/11/us-tomshadyac-idUSTRE72A7A420110311
Invisible Children's

Ivan Reitman:

Ivan Reitman, as a producer and director, has created many of American cinema’s most successful and best loved feature film comedies and has worked with Hollywood’s acting elite. Reitman has produced such hits as the National Lampoon series and the internationally succesful Ghostbusters movies. His style tends to be that of creating films with the extra-ordinary aspect such as the Ghostbusters films and My Super Ex Girlfriend. As well as this type of style he also has tried adding a drama style element into his comedy’s. An example of this would be the film Dave which is a drama comedy. Here is a link to an article on Reitman:

http://www.thestar.com/entertainment/movies/article/925998–ivan-reitman-tries-a-rom-com

The Coen Brothers:

The Coen Brothers have a very unique and alternative approach to making comedy films. There comedy films include films such as Burn After Reading and O’ Brother Where Art Thou. Unlike Shadyac and Reitman, the Coen Brothers have a totally unique of creating and styling there comedy films. There style is much more subtle and a more detailed and shocking type of comedy. For instance there is laugh out loud moments in Burn After Reading but there is also some completley shocking moments which really shock and affect the audience. The Brother’s style tends to lean towards black comedy as they also have made some very succesful drama’s that are not at all funny. Here is a link to an article about the Brothers:

http://www.sensesofcinema.com/2003/great-directors/coens/

Pictures from Google Images

(Research, Independent) Typical Narratives in Comedy’s

Comedy Films are “make ’em laugh” films designed to get laughter from the audience. Comedies are light-hearted dramas, designed  to amuse and entertain. The comedy genre  exaggerates the situation, the language, action, and characters. Comedies observe the  frustrations of life, providing a momentary escape from day-to-day life. They usually have happy endings, although the humor may have a serious or pessimistic side. The usual narratives are from the hapless character’s who strive to better in there life but comedic situations and mishaps keep happening to them resulting in them wishing it would change. An example of this would be the film Me ,Myself and Irene. In this film, Jim Carrey narrates his story about how he is trying to be the best police officer he can but people see him as too much of a goof as he is always getting into silly situations.

(Research, Independent) Iconic Comedy Institutions

Imagine Entertainment

File:Imagine Entertainment logo.svg

Imagine Entertainment- Imagine Entertainment are a film and television production company which are backed by Universal Studios and was  founded by legendary director Ron Howard. They have produced comedy classics such as Liar Liar, How The Grinch Stole Christmas and The Nutty Professor. These films have become comedy classics and have grossed hundreds of millions worldwide. As well as comedy’s, imagine have also made more drama based comedy’s such as Intolerable Cruelty. Away from comedy, Imagina has alos produced blockbuster movies such as the sci fi western Cowboys and Aliens and Robin Hood.  They style is very much making there films entirely unique and creating new and interesting genre hybrids such as Cowboys and Aliens.

Dimension Films

Dimension films logo.gif

Dimension films is a film production company which is part of the international buisness The Weinstein Company. Dimension’s job is to produce and create genre specific films. Some of there comedy films include Starsky and Hutch and M bosse’s Daughter. As well as doing comedy films, Dimension are very famous for the Scream franchise which is a black comedy. They are also famous for the family films such as Spy kids and the classic horror films such as Halloween. Many of the Horror films Dimension have created are directed by Wes Craven who is internationally known for his films. There style is very much to shock the audience with films such as Scream but to also take the audience on a emotional rip roaring adventure with the Spy Kids films.

Ealing Studios

Ealing studios are a london based film production company in the UK. They have helped with films such as Shawn of the Dead and Notting Hill. They have also produced films such as Burke and Hare and The St trinian’s series. They are known for helping the smaller British company’s in getting films released by allowing British film makers to film on there sites. The comedy’s i have mentioned such as Burke and Hare are much more towards the darker side of comedy where as the St trinian’s films are much more teen comedy designed to attract the younger generation.

Pictures from Google Images

(Research, Independent) Iconic Sounds in Comedy

Comedy’s have a range of different sounds used in films. Usually a comedy film will have a very upbeat soundtrack to let the audience know about what the film is going to be like and reassure them that nothing dark or bad is going to happen. In older comedy films there was the use of the very comical sound effects such as the banana slip. Comedy film makers today also like to use sound tracks that make the audience’s laugh such as in Bruce Almighty, the song I’ve Got the Power comes on and the main character is singing it which makes the audience laugh but also ties in with whats going on in the story and narrative. Here is a link to the Bruce Almight scene:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=otqcKT1pwqs

Here is a link to a scene from The Mask which portrays the use of singing and dancing in the comedy creating laughter from the audience but also making an iconic moment:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QPhRtW2oemY

(Research, Independent) Genre Icons in Comedy

In comedy, there are not that many major icons in the genre as it is not the most iconic genre, Horror is. There are some icons such as the use of slapstick moments e.g when someone slips and falls over or when someone gets hit with a novelty object. Although these are not really used anymore there are still some references to them such as in the film Johnny English which throughout the film it is trying to show the audience comedy of years before. The Naked Gun is also a prime example of a throwback to the older comedy’s with much more slapstick comedy in them.

Pictures from Google Images

(Research, Independent) Certificate Ratings for Comedy

The certificate rating system is unique in the UK.  The rating system was introduced in 1913 and is run by the British Board of Film Classification. It is set up to rate movies and DVD’s while also rating some video games depending on how violent these games are. The system allows for 7 different ratings, these ratings are:

U- Universal Allowed for all.

PG- Parental Guidance, still suitable for children with just some minor moments.

12A- This rating means that the film should be seen by 12 year olds and higher. If the person is younger than 12 then they would have to be accompanied by an Adult.

12- Suitable for only 12 year olds and higher.

15- Suitable for only 15 year olds and higher, contains violence and strong langauge.. People younger than 15 cannot see that in the cinema.

18- Suitable only for Adults as it contains high levels ofextreme violence and langauge. No one under the age of 18 is legally allowed to view an 18 in the cinema. These films will be very graphic and have alot of violence and alot of swearing.

Images from Google Images.

General certificate ratings in comedy:

In most comedy’s, the certificate rating is usually 12 or 15 as most of today’s comedy are even romantic or gross-out young adult comedy’s. They use the 12 and 15 ratings as it will have swearing and soem graphical scenes in the romantic comedy’s but will also may have some type of violence in the gross-out comedy’s. They use these ratings to tell there audience when they see a trailer for it that it will be there type of comedy and not a comedy for the younger generation. American Pie is a good example as it was rated a 15 to tell its teenage audience that the film will be quite graphic and have alot of swearing and nudity in the film. Me, Myself and Irene is another good example as that has alot of violence in the film but also has some quite graphic and rude scenes within the film. Generically comedy’ are usually 12 or 15 certificate ratings because of their violence mixed within the comedy and the gross-out comedy with an added element of nudity added into the film. This will be kept in mind during the process of making my film to make sure that my Comedy/Horror film has the right elements of a comedy film.

(Research of opening’s connected to my genre, Independent) The Other Guys

Link to scene: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ac6Gl-rYyUI&feature=related

In what ways does this media product use, develop or challenge forms and conventions?

The Other guys is a comedy/action orientated film, this is shown when the gun is being fired and short quick shots of a car chase. This is conveying the action elements within the film and addressing the audience about what the genre is. The shots of the busy city within the opening of the film suggests that the city may be the subject of violence and danger in the film which again tells the audience about the film’s action elements. As usual with big budget action films, two stars(Samuel L Jackson and Dwayne ‘The Rock’ Johnson) are introduced straight away to draw the audience in and excite the audience with these stars being involved in the car chase scene. The music used in the opening instantly would dispel action to the audience by using the hip-hop type soundtrack. The explosions during the opening also show action but also mainly show comedy as it is the hero’s blowing things up and damaging the city without a car in the world. This shows the audience that it is a more light-hearted action film therefore challenging the conventions and forms of a typical action film. As well as the explosions, the dialogue of the two characters also shows comedic elements as one character says after crashing into a bus “Did someone call 911 holy shit!”. This is displaying a comedic element as there is something highly unusual happening in a normal everyday place thus showing comedy.  This is developing the comedic elements of the film while also challenging the basis of an action film.  The  separation between  the hero’s and villains is a clear indication of the action elements as this is a fundamental part of an action film as the audience needs to know who the hero’s are.

The Other Guys: How are Social Groups Represented?

Straight from the start the two police officers are represented as being hero’s as they are gun’s blazing, not overly worried about the violence happening around them e.g one police officer jumps from his own to the criminals car showing bravery and skill during a high-speed car chase. This is showing the audience that these are the characters that people will idolize and adore throughout the film. Quite notabley, the hero’s are african american and not the stereotypical white hero, this is sending a strong message to the audience from the production team telling them what they think of that stereotype. The appearance of the hero’s make them look ‘cool’, this is shown with the sunglasses that they are wearing even though they are in a high-speed car chase, this links in with the conventions as in comedy films the hero’s are made to look cool.

The villains are different to the hero’s due a range of reasons. The villains in the opening scene are all Black males, this is clearly showing who the production team are the stereotypical criminals which may cause offense to some people as they might view it as singling out Black people as criminals. The criminals are all seen wearing casual clothes suggesting that they are used to be in situation’s like this and do not need to conceal their identity. Some of the criminals have dreadlocks which may suggest they are of Jamaican origin which may also be seen as a stereotype as people might instantly think the criminals have drugs as people stereotype Jamaicans as drug users.  This shows a clear contrast between the hero’s and villains.

(Research of opening’s connected to my genre,Teacher Led Work) In Bruges Opening

How are the characters represented?

The characters are represented as complete opposites or ‘polar’. This is used to show comedic elements of the film. This is shown as Ray(Colin Farrell) is all angry, nervous and depressed as he does not care about the scenery during the opening, this contrasts as Ken(Brendan Gleeson) is appreciative of the surroundings and seems to be happy and enjoying himself. This makes Ken more likeable of the two characters as he is more open so the audience can learn more about him and understand him where as the audience will be shrouded in confusion about Ray as he is not revealing anything. Ray is already seen as the dark side of the duo as he reveals one aspect about as he says that he killed someone. This gives the audience the impression that he is a dark person and so they will be sceptical with him where as Ken is trying to help him so the audience will warm to him.

How is a sense of place created?

Right from the start a sense of place is created by the use of dark and somber music. This sets up the place but also the feeling and shows the dark side of the black comedy. Also the romantic setting of Bruges creates a sense of place as the patterns on the building and the sheer size of the building stand out to the audience but also how the characters don’t fit in with the surrounding create a sense of place and background story for the audience. Another way a sense of place is created is when a shot of an old derlict building is shown to show the cultural side of the city and how that in particular Ray wont warm up to the city creating excitement for the audience as to how he will react. Another scene in which place is created is when it is inside the building but it is shrouded in darkness as the voiceover is speaking suggesting genre elements to the audience such as horror and sadness in particular as they is a shot of a worn down doll which shows that the film will have quite bleak moments.

How does the opening set the viewer up for the rest of the film?

The opening sets the viewer up for the rest of the film by introducing the two main character’s (Ray and Ken) and showing straight away there conflicting personality’s (Polar opposites). This gives the impression to the audience that the two characters issue’s will be a constant thorn in there side and it sets up the comedic elements of the film. The voiceover also helps set up the film as at the start of the film the audience can hear “After i shot him, i threw the gun in the thames, and washed the residue off my hands”, this sets up the story as it adds an element of mystery and confusion and makes the audience desperate to know who he has killed and why he has done it. It also allows the audience to engross themselves within the film. I personally beleive that the way Bruges is potrayed as it gives the audience the view that Bruges is quite a quiet town and the arrival of the two men may change that.

(Research of Openings connected to my Genre-Comedy/Horror, Independent) Liar Liar Opening-9 Frame Analysis

Here is a link to the opening- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q3GdZMwtECE

Here is the 9 fram Analysis:

(Research of Openings connected to my Genre-Comedy/Horror, Independent) Zombieland ReverseStoryboard Opening

(Research of Openings connected to my Genre-Comedy/Horror, Independent) Pineapple Express 9 frame Analysis

Here is a link to the opening:

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ORylqcveIhQ

 Here is my 9 frame analysis:
 
 

Conclusion of Comedy Research Section

By researching the comedy genre i have learned the essential comedy ingredients that make comedy’s so unique and watchable. In my product i intend to use elements such as the use of language within the product whether it be swearing or some other form e.g sacasm. I will also be focusing the type of music and the different sounds to make my product as they are essential in comedy films and seeing as my product is a horror/comedy i need to make sure i get the right balance of upbeat music coupled by the use of scary or gruesome moments. I also intend to some of the typical characters such as the hapless character but also use the type of character that Nick Frost plays in Shawn of the Dead as he is a slacker. Because my film is a comedy/horror hybrid i intend my product to be rated either 15 or 18 as that is what the typical horror or comedy is rated and in my product i intend to have some violence mixed with swearing as well as the comedic elements.

Horror Research Section

(Research, independent) History of Horror

Internationally:

Early:

The first creation of horror was back in the 1890’s along with the comedy genre.  The first creations of horror events appeared  in several of the silent shorts created by film pioneers such George Melies. His first film The House Of The Devil is generally referred to as the creation of horror. Also he made other films such as The Cave Of the Unholy One, by that time Japan were making horror films such as Bake Jizo. The japanese and Melies films were the main horror films in the late 1890’s and the early 1900’s and there was no real horror films made until 1910. But in 1910 a company called Edison Studios created the first film version of Frankenstein which became highly popular and one of the icons of the genre. As well as Frankenstein there was the imergence of other classics such as The Hunchback of Notre Dam which was the first pre created monster to appear in film as it was based on a 18th century novel.  Apart from these most of the horror films made in the 1910’s and 20’s were made by German film makers. These German-made films would be the inspiration for many of the Hollywood horror films with films such as Nosferatu. The early hollywood films were The Monster and The Phantom of the Opera both of which starred Lon Chaney who is nicknamed ‘The Man with a Thousand Faces’ because of the extensive make up he wore. He is generally recongised as a legend of the genre.

1930’s-1970’s:

In the early 30’s, the production company Universal started creating horror films making them hugely popular because of the style and the uniqueness of the genre. Films such as Dracula and a remake of Frankenstein. As well as the typical style of horror there was also hybrids such as the sci-fi horror The Invisible Man. Other studios such as Warner Brothers and Paramount made films such as Jekyll and Hyde and Mystery of the wax mueseum but there were less important as they were not as popular as the Universal films. Universal’s horror films continued into the 1940s with The Wolfman which is one of the most well known and recongised horror monster films made by Universal.  Throughout the decade Universal also continued to produce more sequels in the Frankenstein series and other monster films. By the start of the 50’s improvements were slowly being made as to how to change the style of the horror but also change the effect it had on the audience. The horror genre switched from more gothical films such as Dracula and moved to armageddon films such as a alien invasion. A prime example of an alien styled horror film is the film The thing from outer space which focused on a extra ordinary creature attacking a group of people.  During the late 1950s and early 1960s, companies focused on producing horror films, including the British company Hammer Horror which made such as The Mummy which was hugely popular. At the very start of the 60’s came the film that changed the way horror makers created there films. This film was Alfred Hitchcock’s Psycho which was unique in which the way it created the slasher syle of horror which is still used today. Throughout the 60’s ghosts and monsters reamained popular but many film makers used the demon styled horror with films such as Rosemary’s Baby.  An influential horror film of the late 1960s was the film Night of the living dead made by George A. Romero which was a international success as it used the armageddon style of horror while also introducing the zombie to the genre. This film is still world reknowed and still considered as one of the very best horror films ever made.

1970’s-2000’s

By the end of the 60’s the horror genre was now a major contender in the film industry and many films were made during the 70’s, 80’s and 1990’s. Because of the success of the film Rosemary’s Baby, the demonic style of horror films became very popular with films such as The exorcist. Evil or demonic children also became popular in the 70’s with films such as Alice, Sweet Alice.  Near the end of the 70’s came very popular horror films made by now iconic directors such as Wes Craven and Tobe Hooper who made films like The texas chainshaw massacre and Craven made the film The hills have eyes. As well as these Romero made a sequal to his zombie film by making Dawn of the dead.  As well as this, John Carpenter had created the hit Halloween which once again helped the imergence of slasher films and Wes Craven made the very succesful film Nightmare on Elm street.  By the time of the mid 70’s people were talking about young director Steven Spielberg whose first film was Jaws which was not a conventional horror but much more of a action thriller style of horror.

At the very end of the 70’s came the sci fi horror Alien which created a much more eery tense style of horror. At the start of the 80’s author Stephen King had become popular thanks to his books such as Carrie which was made in the 70’s but he became extremely popular thanks to the film adaption of The Shining which reinvented the eery, chilling horror. Although The Shining received no awards or award nominations, it is still called a classic and one of the scariest movies of all time. King himself didn’t like the film, because it was barely faithful to the 1977 best-seller novel. The 80’s saw much more of B movie horror films such as the Evil Dead series which are highly succesful for just having gore and swearing in the film. Other horror film examples include 1985’s cult vampire classic Fright Night. In the first half of the 1990s, the genre continued many of the themes from the 1980s. Many sequals were made for films such as Nightmare on Elm street but these were not very succesful. The Silence of the Lambs once again helped horror through the start of the 90’s but Two main problems pushed horror backward during this period: firstly, the horror genre wore itself out with the  nonstop slasher and gore films in the eighties. Secondly, the audience which  loved the violence and gore of the previous decade grew up, and the replacement audience for films of an imaginative nature were being captured instead by the explosion of fantasy films. The horror films of the 90’s then switched to parodying older horror films as Scream parodied the slasher films and became hugely succesful. Irony in films became used and the use of the hybrid comedy/horror came more into effect with films such as Urban Legend.

2000’s

The start of the 2000s saw a quiet period for the genre, with the only major succesful horror films coming from teen based horror’s such as the Final Destination film and the Jeepers Creepers series. Remakes and different versions of horror films also became popular as there have been some hollywood remakes of low budget asian made films such as The Grudge and The Ring. There has been a major return to the zombie genre in horror movies made after 2000 with the making of the popular game series Resident Evil and the British film 28 Days Later. Zombie comedy’s have also become popular thanks to the zombie romantic comedy Shawn of the Dead. From the mid 2000’s onwards there has been a focus on more graphic horror films being made. The Saw franchise is a prime example of this as the films have an extreme amount of violence and is highly graphic. As well as gorier films there have been alot of remakes such House of Wax and Last House on the left. The Horror genre clearly has no signs of slowing down.

(Research, independent) Horror Genre Codes and Conventions

In most horror films, the film follows a set of conventions consistent through out the genre which create the feeling and emotion of the genre of horror while also drawing in the audience by using some of the following conventions:

-Dark/shadowy lighting
-Isolated location
-Female victim
-male/female relationship
-Defeat of monster

Also in a horror film there are certain iconic moments that are known to the genre and can be seen throughout the different horror films.

Things you are likely to see in a horror film which follow the traditional codes and conventions:

  • An introduction to a typically normal day to day lifestyle.
  • A bizarre/unknown mysterious death.
  • The credits would fit into the theme of horror, by using a creepy font, and odd movement depending on the film and how modern it is.
  • The majority of the characters would be quite young.
  • If there are teenagers, it’s normally e.g  a head cheerleader, most likely to be blonde.
  • Mysterious unknown phone calls from the killer.
  • Attempts at heroism, often from the teenage boys would be unsuccessful.
  • Led to believe that the main character/victim would die, they would normally overcome the killer.

There are also certain themes that go with the horror genre:

Use of the dark or Black saturated colour schemes:

This can be used to show a sinister theme or gothic setting and also acts as a representation for characters, the monster is often in darkness and we rarely see its face.

A monster

The monster often has a trademark tool for killing i.e. a claw, hook or knives that is emphasised.

The victims:

The lead character that is often the sole survivor (another regularly used convention of the horror genre), this also presents him/her as a possible motive for the monster.

(Research, independent) Typical Characters/Sterotypes in Horror

The Boyfriend/Male Characters- The male characters typcially in a horror film do not last that long. This is due to the focus on the monster or person after the woman and wont let anybody stop him/her. This is shown in films such as Scream as the men are always dying as the masked killer is after the main woman in the film. In typical types of horror the men can sometimes be the hero’s in the film such as the Evil Dead series but is often that the the boyfriend or friend of the girl who is being chased after dies.

The women/final girl- The women in horror films are typically the one’s who are chased or hunted after. Usually the woman are killed after being seen having sex as many people believe that if you are a virgin then you have more of a chance of living. It is more than likely that the women who put out more and flaunt more at the start or throughout the film will be killed to send a message to the rest of the group. The girl who does not flaunt is the final girl who survives the longest and becomes the main stay in the audiences thoughts as they are desperate to see her live and usually she does even though some of friends and family are dead.

The Monster/Pyscho-The villian is typically human, but with a unnatural strength/lack of death. This lack of death is compounded by his or her victims, who see the monster rise again and again after being shot at, stabbed etc. The hero’s typically turn there back on the villian on some occasions which makes the audience feel the tension and emotion as they are wondering and more likely than not the villian will get back up and start attacking again. It typically takes a massive attack for the villian to be defeated which signals huge relief among the audience.

(Research, independent) Iconic Horror Actors

Sir Christopher Lee– One of the most iconic horror actors of the past 40 years has been Sir Christopher Lee. He is best known for his portrayal of Count Dracula in films such as Taste The Blood Of Dracula and One more time. He is highly respected for his role in the horror industry as he and Hammer Horror films help make the monster films that are famous and legendary in today’s day and age. Besides from horror, Lee is known for his role as Count Dooku in the Star Wars films and Saurman in The Lord Of The Rings films. Here is a link to some of Lee’s moments:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mTPz8px0qJw&feature=player_embedded

Bruce Campbell– Bruce Campbell is a well known Hollywood horror actor as well as his comedic side of acting. He is best known for the Evil Dead trilogy which was one of the first films to have a hybrid of genre’s containg both comedy and horror. He is known for his role’s in low budget films such as Crimewave and Maniac Cop. Apart from starring in horror and low budget films, Campbell has also played characters in a more comedic role with the TV show Burn Notice in which he plays a comedic character in explosive situations. Here is a link to Campbell’s moments:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kIXYcaARjwk&feature=player_embedded

Lon Chaney Sr– Lon Chaney Sr is often referred to as ‘The Man With A Thousand Faces’ as he is credited as one of the actors who really helped horror become what it is today. He was given that nickname because of the way he portrayed himself in the films he starred in, in the sense that in all his films he wore makeup or a mask as he usually actor as the monster in the film. He is best known for films such as The Hunchback of Notre Dam and The Phantom of the Opera. His way of creating the monsters and the way that behaved is his legacy and many people use him as an example as to how to be a good horror actor. Here is a link to some of his moments:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qi0aZOXbuqo

Robert Englund– Robert Englund is a classically trained actor but decided on horror films and is now very famous for portraying the villians in horror films. He is known for his use of make-up like Lon Chaney to create his monster within the film. He is best known for his portryal of Freddy Kruger in A Nightmare On Elm Street in which he was the villian and the image of Freddy Kruger is probably the most iconic and well known image from the film. Away from Kruger, Englund has also appeared in slasher type horror films such as Hatchet and been in thriller’s such as Red. Here is a link to his moments:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TYv4oGN1TmE&feature=player_embedded

Images from Google Images

(Research, independent) Iconic Horror Directors

Wes Craven– One of the most iconic dirctors of the horror genre for the past 20 years has been Wes Craven. He is responsible for the hugely popular Scream films as well as horror’s such as The Hills Have Eyes. His style is very much to shock the reader with his edge of seat moments and creating a tense atmosphere that has he audience on tenderhooks. Here is an article about Craven:

http://www.avclub.com/articles/wes-craven,24869/

John Carpenter- Another hugely succesful horror director is John Carpenter who has established himself as one of the very best at making horror films. Some of his most popular and box office succesful films include Halloween, The Thing and The Fog. He is known for creating the eery element in films such as The Fog while also creating heart stopping moments in which the audience want to help but cant in the Halloween films. Here is a article about Carpenter:

http://www.avclub.com/articles/john-carpenter,54361/

Sam Raimi- Sam Raimi is a highly respected and well known horror director. He is famous for his Evil Dead which was more a hybrid of horror and comedy(the genre i am using for my film). His style is much more comedic side of horror rather than scary spooky type as his films tend to have lots of gore to make the audiences laugh while also grossing them out. Apart from horror, Raimi has also ventured into superhero films very succesfully as he directed the very popular and huge grossing Spider Man Films. Here is an article on Raimi:

http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2011/jan/26/sam-raimi-evil-dead-remake

Images from Google

(Research, independent) Typical Narratives in Horror

A typical structure in horror narratives is to create fear right from the opening. A lot of horror/suspense movies also haunt people by using plots which are related to supernatural. Also, a murderer or revenger is often a main character who kills other characters one by one, making people feel excited all the time they are watching. These are three typical horror elements found in many horror/suspense movies. They are used to attract the audience with the suspense but by having the murderer as the main character it makes the audience want to find out more about this character and entices them into watching the whole film to gain the climatic scene in which the murderer’s name is revealed. Films such as the Scream films are the prime examples as they dont reveal who the murderer is until the end of the film creating massive amounts of fear, tension and suspension which are all vital ingriedients in making a succesful film.

(Research, independent) Iconic Horror Institutions

Universal Studios- Although Universal is known now for its big budget blockbuster movies, it found fame by creating some of the most well known and well loved horror films of the past 60 years. Films such as The Mummy and Frankenstein really helped put Universal on the map. Universal are known for there use of special effects and make up in there horror movies such as using CGI to create Imhotep in the film The Mummy. Also they have used CGI is the recent remake of The Wolfman and are using CGI and make up once again for the reboot of The Thing. Universal wouldnt be so big today if it wasnt for those horror films in the 40′, 50’s and 60’s. There style is to very much leave the audience gasping for air in the sense that they are blown away by what they have just seen whether it be horror or something else.

Twisted Pictures- Twisted pictures is an independent company which mainly make films in the horror genre. It is known for the Saw films which are a series of films containing massive amounts of gore and violence and only specifically aimed at the audience that like the gore an violence. Away from Saw Twisted Pictures has also made horror films such as Dead Silence and Chain Letter which both have a large amount of gore in them. There style is very much based around the gore element of there films and also to shock the audience and scare them but make them want to come back for more.

Platinum Dunes- Platinum Dunes is a production company founded by Acclaimed filmaker Michael Bay, Brad Fuller and Andrew Form. The company focus’s on horror films in particular horror remakes. They have made films such as Friday The 13th and A Nightmare On Elm Street. The company particualry focus’s on trying to recapture what the original had and making it better in the remake. There films have been succesful both critically and financially.

Images from Google Images

(Research, independent) Iconic Horror Sounds

The sound in a horror film can often be remebered as one of the most iconic parts of the film as the sound amplify’s the situation while also either setting the audience up with massive amounts of tension or shocking the reader instantly with a short quick burst of sound. An example of building up tension and making the audience feel on edge would be the Jaws theme song as it is the master and making the audience scared and on the edge of there seat. Here is a link to the Theme Song:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZvCI-gNK_y4

Another example of this would be the Amityville Horror Theme song which again uses a blend of different sounds to add a certain feel of tension and fright to the audience. Here is a link to theme song:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GB6BnTcSupw

These sounds make up what horror is today, as well as these there have been many iconic horror theme songs. Here is a link to the top 10 horror theme songs:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kxsCVn31C4U

(Research, independent) Horror Genre Icons

The horror genre is probably the genre with the most genre icons as people what made that film and what made them scared or terrified. The monster character is a icon as when people think of horror films they instantly think that there will be some horrible creature of disfigured human that will be out to kill people and scare the audience. Prime example of this would The Wolfman and The Mummy.

Besides from the monsters in horror the use of a mask has also redifined horror films while also creating a new icon that people remember and often is a terrifying reminder of that certain film. The prime examples of this is the mask that Jason wheres and the iconic mask used in Scream. The use of the mask is now extremely popular as it conceals the true identity of the murder and makes the audience want to find out who this person is and why they are doing this.

One icon that has been around for some time but is still rapidly increasing is the Zombie character. The flesh eating brain dead character is often used to get audiences watching as it signals something different than the masked or the monster but something slightly extra-oridnary. Films such as Resident Evil and Dawn of the Dead are prime examples of using the zombie character to real effect as it hooks the audience in. In British film, the zombie is now being used more in the 28 Days and 28 Weeks later films.

(Research, independent) Certificate Ratings for Horror

 Typically, the horror genre has had a very high certificate rating at the cinema and the box office. It is usual that a horror film will be either rated 15 or 18 due to a range of reasons. The use of gore is often a factor as many horror films use explicit gore which is highly unsuitable for people under the age of 15. Another reason may be the use of language in the horror film as many horror films can have alot of strong language which is unsuitable for the younger ages. The target audience for many horror films is 15 and 18 certificate ratings as it reaches a wide audience as many young adults are attracted to the horror genre whether it be the violence and gore involved or the eery spooky elements of the film. Also the use of the 15 and 18 rating signals to this specific audience that this is there type of film and attracts them into going and watching the film resulting in the film gaining money.

(Research of Openings connected to my Genre-Comedy/Horror,independent/Teacher Led Work) Opening of Cape Fear-9 Frame Analysis

Here is my Powerpoint Presentation of my 9 frame anaylsis, the first four slides were completed with the help of my teacher, the rest is independent:

(Research of Openings connected to my Genre-Comedy/Horror,independent/Teacher Led Work) Opening of Halloween 9 Frame Analysis

Here is my Powerpoint Presentation of my 9 frame anaylsis:

(Research of Openings connected to my Genre-Comedy/Horror Independent) 9 Frame Analysis of The Mummy (1999 version)

Here is my Powerpoint Presentation of my 9 frame anaylsis:

(Research) Conclusion of Horror Section

From researching the horror genre i have been able to learn the vital elements of the genre while also gaining a perspective that will be cruical in helping me develop and produce my film and making it stay loyal to the horror elements that i want in my film. One of the key elements i will be using in my product will be the use of creating tension and suspense. I will have to be careful in using this tension technique as my film is a hybrid and has both horror and comedy elements therefore i will need to make sure the product has the right balance of both. I als intend to use the zombie character as part of my film as one of the main incidents in the opening will be the revealing of the zombie but i will use comedic elements to gain a laugh out of the audience. From researching certificate ratings i think my product will be that of a 15 as it will have strong language and some gruesome moments.

 Planning Section:

Outline:

This section will contain all of the planning that is needed for the creation of my product. It will contain the schedule, the storyboard, the script, the risk assesment, the character profiles, the meeting minutes and the pitch and its feedback.

Schedule:

This is the Schedule format that my group and i have been given that shows what work we will be doing on which days. As you can still we are still working on our project and unable to fill the rest in.

As you can see this is our groups detailed schedule that will help and regulate us for when we need to film, edit and produce.

(Group Work) Storyboard

 Here is our storyboard we have created for our product Dead Lazy:

Page 1:

Page 2

Page 3:

Page 4:

Page 5:

This is our storyboard which we have created as a group for our product in order to gain a basis as to where we are going to shoot the product and what type of camera angles and what types of dialogue we will need. It is vital as we can use this storyboard as a marker to follow.

(Group Work)Script

Here is our script we have created for our product Dead Lazy:

Dead Lazy

OPENING SCENES

Scene 1- Car Park

(Owen leaving workplace, heading towards car park. Camera focus on feet)

(Owen Stops outside car. Camera Moves upwards showing Owen eating/ wipe sauce off ID)

(Enters car. Turns on the ignition. Radio Turns on)

Radio Broadcast:…and In recent news, thousands of cases of an unknown outbreak have been reported across the uk. The source of the outbreak has yet to be confirmed but-

(Owen switches radio off)

Owen: Aah, bullshit.

(Puts in disc, music plays and car drives off)

(Title Credits- car driving in various locations with strange figures in background)

Scene 2- Driveway

(Car pulls up on drive, turns off engine, exits car and collects work from car)

(Woman’s scream)

(Shocked Owen rushed into house)

(Trips over(trip from camera view) pounces back up)

(Opens front door, but camera focus on door not closing)

(bursts through lounge door)

Scene 3- Lounge

(Owen standing near door looking confused and worried. Stares at Rich)

Rich: (Rich playing on playstation) i was SO close to a checkpoint!!

Owen: wha..wh…was that it?!

Rich: This is a matter of life or death!

Owen: What?..A Game?!

Rich: Well….yeah……and

Owen: Right, well its nice to see you’ve tided up the place (starts to leave room)

Rich: Your welcome, made a real effort today

Scene 3- Kitchen/ Infected entrance

(Owen in kitchen flicking through the mail to the timing of ‘Psycho’-type soundtrack while in background a mysterious figure enters house)

(Rich pressing controller buttons to the timing of ‘Psycho’-type soundtrack)

(While playing playstation, Rich leans back to show infected person next to him)

(Rich and Infected share the same expression while looking at each other. Rich screams while infected groans)

Owen: Rich, your naughty nurses subscript…(screams and throws mail) Go Go Run

(Owen and Rich leave lounge and exit house)

Scene 4- Outside (Ending)

(Mid-way running down drive)

Owen: Wait, Wait, Wait. (Stopping Rich)

Rich: What?!

Owen: Is that the kind of attitude you’re gonna give me now? (hands on hips, unimpressed)

Rich: Oh, Jesus Christ (Rolls eyes at Owen)

Owen: (pointing towards door and edging slowly towards it) 1 sec, just gotta get spreadsheets

Rich: But we’re so close to a checkpoint! (looking away from house)

(Owen runs back into house, jumps over where he tripped)

(Owen runs out of house with papers in hand)

Owen: Run!

(Pair runs to end of drive, stop, camera shows multiply infected blocking them)

Rich and Owen: Oh, Bulls

(Turn around, fades to black)

(End)

This is our script we have created in order to gain a perspective for our product while also creating the dialogue and emotion of the film.

(Group Work) Risk Assesment:

Here is the risk assesment we have created for our product Dead Lazy:

We have created this risk assesment in order to ensure that they are no accidents or incidents while we are filming our product. We have also identified ways in which to counter these issues.

 (Group Work) Character Profiles:

Here is our character profiles we have created in order to get a feeling for what our characters will be like and what they are associated in terms of the different genres.

Profile: Richard

 

Name: Richard Painns

Age: 22

M/F: Male

Address: 13 Birch Av.

Hometown: Burntwood

Health Statues: “Slow”

Relationship Status: Sex Only

Ethnicity: British

Lives With: Owen

Job: Home Protector

Education: High School

Pets: Had a Rat

Hobbies:

  • Playstation
  • Eating
  • SexyTime
  • Picking

Profile: Owen

Name: Owen Hollingberry

Age: 22

M/F: Male

Address: 13 B. Av.

Hometown: Burntwood

Health Statues: Healthy

Relationship Status: Single

Ethnicity: British, Christian

Lives With: Owen Painns

Job: Accountant

Education: Community College

Hobbies:

  • Creating Spreadsheets and Pie Charts
  • Watching Countdown and Time Team
  • Cleaning
  • Tic-Tac-Toe

These are the characters we have created as a group in order to show the audience who our characters are and how they link in with the genre.

(Group Work) Meeting Minutes:

Over the course of the project we have used occasional lessons to create a meeting between our group in order for us to establish a base for our product and to brainstorm. Here are the meetings:

31/10/11- first meeting of planning (Ideas)

Genre- Hybrid of black comedy and horror

Homage of Shaun of the Dead

Concept- 2 male house-mates following their reactions during a Zombie outbreak.

Heavy focus on the partnership, actions and different ways of thinking.

less serious, more comedy horror

Character 1- played by Brad. Smart, hard-working, optimistic, devoted.

Character 2- played by Matt. Slacker, contrast to character 1, laid back, dopey.

Setting- Outside workplace/ Car (late afternoon)

Character’s house (Evening Time)

Soundtrack- self-produced, play at start with credits, institutions, title

2/11/11- second meeting of planning (Characters)

Start and Production of Character Profiles

7/11- Location and Props

Searched for our film’s location(s) (workplace and home) . Started to think of what props we would need.

Here are some example images of the location and props we will be using in our product

9/11- Scripting

The group Left the room to find a space to running through our idea, to develop it into a script.

14/11- Scripting and Director Research

Researched into directors in our genre (Comedy Horror), each set our self’s 1 director to do in set time.

Finished off scripting for last scenes and started typing up and acting it.

16/11- Storyboarding and Genre College

We started storyboarding by acting out what our idea was, with the script. Draw and coloured the images.

Researched into our genre by producing a Comedy Horror College

21/11- Pitch work and ‘Cape Fear’

Started working on our pitch and setting out the slides

Analysed Cape Fear w/ 9 Frame Analysis

23/11- ‘Halloween’ and Storyboarding

Analysed the opening to ‘Halloween’ and reversed storyboard

We finished our storyboard by adding shot details and sound details.

28/11- Pitch work and Character Role-play

Continued to work on pitch and was able to finish it and run through it.

Performed a makeup test for infected being and took character pictures.

30-Nov- Industrial Actions

05-Dec- PITCH

07-Dec

During this lesson we continued our research into the different directors of our chosen genres. Some of these directors included George A Romero and Sam Raimi. We researched these directors in order for us to gain a perspectiv in the way they created there films.

12-Dec

During this lesson we started basic filming. This included location filming and brief dialogue sequences. We did this so we could gain a better understanding of where and how we are going to film while also allowing creative improvement if we saw fit.

14-Dec

During this lesson we started basic filming. This included location filming and brief dialogue sequences. We did this so we could gain a better understanding of where and how we are going to film while also allowing creative improvement if we saw fit.

(Group Work) Pitch of Product:

For our coursework we had to create a orignal and creative pitch in which we would show our idea of our film to our class and teachers in order to gain feedback from them while also showing them the planning and research we have completed. To help with our coursework our pitch was filmed in order to gain feedback from the class and teachers. Here the filmed Pitch:

As well as it being filmed we also created a powerpoint presentation to go with the filming of the product.

Here is the presentation:

Pitch Feedback:

When we pitched our product to our class/audience, we asked for some feedback into ways in which we could improve the product and make it approachable for our target audience while also being able to draw in other audience’s. Some of our feedback can be found at the end of our filmed presentation as we took questions from our audience. After pitching the product, the general feedback was very positive as many of our class thought that it was a good idea with a solid base to expand from there. One of the points that the class particulary liked was our detail in our characters as we had come up with most aspects of our characters lives. Another postive that came back from our feedback was that the class was very pleased with our general plot as we they felt that we have a plot that will be able to have both horror and comedy elements within it. The institutions that we chose we also well recieved as they both linked in with our task in the sense that we needed studios that produced low budget films and we have achieved that by having our studio in Above Average Productions and having a low budget distributor like Film 4.

Although we had almost overall postive feedback there were a few unanswered questions that the class felt that we needed to clarify. One of these issues was the similarity to Shawn of the Dead. We clarified this as our product is a homage to SOTD rather than a mirror image of this, also our characters are different as the worker in ur product actually wants to work unlike Simon Pegg’s character.  Another issue was the location and extras within in the film as the class thought we needed an authentic location which we beleive we have found by using a subarban area. For extras, the class thought it would be good to have a couple of zombies displayed to show the extent of the outbreak, we have now taken this into account and added to our product. Overall our pitch was a success.

This feedback was recorded by myself and is used for the final treatment as well as my blog.

(Planning)Treatment

After performing our pitch, we had to create a treatment that fixed the issues the audience had with our product while keep the core detail that made our pitch succesful, here is our final treatment:

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